CSW's Ideal Gas 

The physics of this twodimensional gas (below) are reversible. Time can be run forwards and backwards. Energy is perfectly conserved. Please press 'GO'.OriginsChris Wallace showed that this artificial gas obeys many of the properties of real gases – see the Feathers on the Arrow of Time chapter in his book about MML. EntropyThe entropy that is displayed is the entropy of the velocity distribution. It can be seen that from a randomly selected state, the entropy is equally likely to be higher or lower in the next (or previous) state. However, if the gas is observed to be in a low entropy (ordered) state at time t, it will almost certainly be in a higher entropy state at time t+1, and the timereversibility implies that it was almost certainly in a higher entropy state at time t1. Determinism: 11 State TransitionsThe physics of the gas are deterministic. Therefore the states will cycle  over a v e r y l o n g period, N. So from this point of view the entropy of every state is the same, log(N). CalculationsTime and space are both quantized – positions and velocities have integer horizontal and vertical components and all calculations are done using integers. This is so that there are no rounding errors that would otherwise accumulate (there are no quantum theory effects). If exactly two gas particles – two molecules – arrive at the same location at the same time they interact. The interaction is such that momentum and energy are conserved. The former corresponds to their centre of gravity continuing at the same velocity after the interaction. The latter to their approach and departure velocities having the same magnitude and, as velocities have integer components, they must be solutions to Pythagorean triangles with the same hypotenuse. © C.S.Wallace & L.Allison, 2007, 2017, 2018. (The figures that illustrate the gas in CSW's book were generated by a C program which cannot be run via the web.) 

