Prototype light four wheel drives were built on Jeep chassis
by the Rover car company which thought it had found a short-term
solution to post-war shortages:
The Land-Rover's body was of 'Birmabright' aluminium alloy
when steel was in short supply, and
there was obvious export potential.
The 80" short wheelbase (SWB) Land Rover with a 1.6L ioev engine
made its world debut at the Amsterdam motor show 30 April 1948.
It featured full-time 4WD with a front free-wheel mechanism which
could be locked by a "ring-pull" control.
The head-lights were mounted behind the radiator grille
which protected them but made them hard to clean.
The side-lights were mounted on the fire-wall or bulkhead.
The "stop-gap" Land-Rover went on to be made in
short wheel base (SWB) and long wheel base (LWB),
utility (tray), soft-top (ST), hard-top (HT), and station wagon forms.
Major upgrades occured with the
series-2 (SII) 1958,
series-2A (SIIA) 1961,
series-3 (SIII) 1971,
coil-sprung 110 in 1983 and 90 in 1984.
The luxury Range Rover was released in 1970,
the Discovery in 1989, and
the Freelander in 1997.
British Aerospace took over Rover Group.
BMW bought Rover Group.
The connection between Rover and LandRover was broken.
BMW sold LandRover (4x4) to Ford.
Rover Cars were
bought by the 'Phoenix Group'.
2008, March 26:
agreed to sell LandRover, and Jaguar,
to Tata Motors of India
for about $2.3billion.
The deal was completed on 2 June 2008.